Collection Of Hinduism
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The Aryan group developed what is called the caste system, which ranked society according to occupational class. That system is as follows: Brahmins are priests; Kshatriyas are soldiers, king-warrior class; Vaishyas are merchants, farmers, Sutras laborers and craftspeople; Harijahns are "untouchables" -- those thought to be descended from the Harappan aboriginal people who are extremely poor and discriminated against.
The higher the person's caste, the more the person is blessed with the benefits and luxuries of life. The system was outlawed in , but it is still important to the Hindu people and recognized as the proper way to categorize society. The Hindu religion has branched out and now encompasses a wide variety of religious beliefs and organizations. Portions of the Hindu beliefs have found their way into other countries, and are the foundation of other religions such as Transcendental Meditation and Buddhism.
As we continue on in learning the history of Hinduism, it would be interesting to note some of the Hindu scriptures. The oldest form of Hindu scriptures, Veda, means wisdom or knowledge, and contains hymns, prayers and ritual texts composed during a period of a thousand years.
The Upanishads are a collection of secret teachings including mystical ideas about man and the universe. The word, Brahman, comes into focus within this group, which is the basis of reality, and atman, which is the self or soul.
Hinduism: Background Information
Next is the Ramayana, which is one of two major tales of India. The work consists of 24, couplets based on the life of Rama, a righteous king who was an incarnation of the God Vishnu. The Mahabharata is the second epic and is the story of the deeds of the Aryan clans. It is composed of , verses written over a year period. The story is centered on man's duty, which, if carried out, will bring nothing but sorrow. The significance of this story is based on Hindu belief of bhatki, devotion to a particular god as a means of salvation. These two stories have become ideals for the people of India in terms of moral and social behavior.
The Puranas are an important source for the understanding of Hinduism, and include legends of gods, goddesses, demons, and ancestors describing pilgrimages and rituals to demonstrate the importance of bhatki, caste and dharma basic principles of the cosmos or an ancient sage in Hindu mythology worshipped as a god by some lower castes. But later, Christian missionaries sought to convert and westernize the people. Many reformers emerged during the British Period. The partition of India occurred in , and Gandhi was assassinated in British India was split into what is now India and Pakistan, and Hinduism became the major religion of India.
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Starting in the s, many Hindus migrated to North America and Britain, spreading their faith and philosophies to the western world. Hindus worship many gods and goddesses in addition to Brahman, who is believed to be the supreme God force present in all things. Followers of Hinduism can visit the Mandir any time they please.
Hindus can also worship at home, and many have a special shrine dedicated to certain gods and goddesses. The giving of offerings is an important part of Hindu worship.
Global Hinduism Reading Group — Faculty of Divinity
Others believe that all the deities are a manifestation of one. The caste system is a social hierarchy in India that divides Hindus based on their karma and dharma. Many scholars believe the system dates back more than 3, years. Many subcategories also exist within each caste. Today, the caste system still exists in India but is loosely followed. Many of the old customs are overlooked, but some traditions, such as only marrying within a specific caste, are still embraced. History of Hinduism, BBC.
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Global Hinduism Reading Group
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Beginning in the 12th century and continuing for hundreds of years, the Inquisition is infamous for the severity of its tortures and its This Day In History. Hinduism Beliefs Some basic Hindu concepts include: Hinduism embraces many religious ideas. Followers believe there are multiple paths to reaching their god. Hindus believe in the doctrines of samsara the continuous cycle of life, death, and reincarnation and karma the universal law of cause and effect. Hindus strive to achieve dharma, which is a code of living that emphasizes good conduct and morality.
The Om and Swastika are symbols of Hinduism.