Dem Himmel so nah - die karmische Trennung überwinden (German Edition)
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She had a table full of white heads, which needed to be extremely dried. After that the heads were put in an oven and heated to a temperature of degrees Centigrade.
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Now the doll gets its biscuit colour. Roswitha coloured the eyebrows and lips, then put them back in the oven. Then she applied the cheek-rouge and the eye-lashes, and put the head in the oven again. Next comes the lead of the head, like a scalp and a genuine French hair wig. Roswith is a dedicated and busy Grandma, and a delight to talk with, and drives all the way from Gutenback to Freiburg to attend to her lovely grandchildren and bring them to a roll-skating club where they stage musicals on wheels, like the Starlight Express.
The old tradition of the dhami-jhakri in which the fate of a person can be influenced by appeasing the spirits is still intact in Nepal. For the spirits Geister , be they rough or fine in their manifestations, belong to the everyday lives of the tradition-conscious Nepalese and many other ethnic-peoples in the northern and southern hemispheres of this globe. It must be mentioned that in the 80, hamlets of Nepal, there are over , shamans and traditional healers, who have to some extent acquired the basics of modern medical treatment through the Health Ministry.
Disease and conformity: The traditional healers of Nepal are not only versed in the nature of illnesses caused by spirits, demons, male and female witches, Gods and Goddesses, but also diseases which are in conformity with epidemiological studies and results. The usual diseases that are mentioned by traditional healers are: diarrhoea, coughs, pneumonia, heart-maladies, abdominal pain, pain in the joints and other less specific symptoms like: headaches, body pain, nausea etc.
Other commonly mentioned diseases are: vomiting, worm-infections, pickles and boils, carbuncles, cases of goitre in the hills think of the Himalayan-salt ads in the west , different skin problems, tuberculosis, problems of the urinary tract and menstrual disorders and anomalies. In the past the shamans were not allowed to get rich through healing, and the codex and ethics of the healers in the Himalayas were strict. Today, the Nepalese shaman blesses a life-saving electrolyte solution for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. The shaman has become innovative in Nepal, and makes himself or herself socially useful by ritualising and selling anti-baby pills for a small financial commission.
This way, he or she helps Family planning, which is supported by the government. The Nepalese government has raised the status of the shaman by bestowing an official title upon him: Practitioner of Traditional Medicine, with the condition that he or she take part in medical and hygiene courses. Sociological view: The position of the shamans in the hamlets of Nepal is getting a certain amount of recognition and importance, because he or she gathers new experiences and acquires modern methods of healing, and in this way, the shaman uses a combination of traditional and modern medicine.
From a sociological point of view, magico-religious healing plays a central and positive role. The magic and faith in the healing powers of the shaman helps to strengthen the group, tribe or caste by defining a common foe, and in identifying the evil, invisible spirit that has been causing illness. Moreover, the healing ritual of the shaman late into the night helps to sublime difficult somatic Triebanspruche and to channel them in a socially acceptable and legal way, without being stigmatised in the society as being abnormal or an ill-person. When you boil down the matter between traditional and modern medicine, belief is in the eye of the beholder.
The people in Nepal still have faith in the practitioners of traditional medicine, despite the danger of being stigmatised as being superstitious, anachronistic and backward. The government has found out that even though Health Post have been set up, the people living in the foothills of the Himalayas Mittelgebirge still prefer ritual therapies from their shamans.
The medically-trained traditional healers can reach millions of Nepalese through a well-developed strategy. Most of the Dhamis-Jhakris have shown that they are open to new skills in health, population and family-oriented basic knowledge. Moreover they were and are ready to give their acquired modern knowledge to their respective communities in their hamlets. Traditional complementary medicine has come to stay.
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It was there all the time in different continents, and is an expression of care, humane-treatment, softness Sanftemedizin , dignity, respect and empathy for the ill person. Time is money. More patients means more money for the physician and the health insurance company. That leaves little time and hope for the hapless, impatient patient.
The value of hope: The value of hope, which is an important resource in different cultures and among traditional healers, is lost in modern medicine. What was Florence Nightingale doing with her candle-light in the bedsides and stretchers of her wounded soldiers in the Crimean War? Was she giving them antibiotics, anti-viral drugs? No, she was giving these forlorn souls a precious medicine named hope.
But is traditional medicine entirely based on hope? Certainly not. So does modern medicine, which enjoys perfect packaging and marketing and ads through the media. Modern medicine is a science because its experiments can be reproduced, it is systematic and can adjust itself in combating new bacteria, viruses and other disease causing microbes.
But traditional or complementary medicine is also learning mew methods of treatment and hospital hygiene. Alone in Dr. Since there are more traditional healers than physicians and paramedical personell, the traditional healers are an important resource for the family planning and health organisations in Nepal. This study has revealed that the traditional healers play an important role. The traditional healers are always ready to visit their patients, even though it means walking through the better part of the day to treat the patients.
School medicine has to win the traditional healer as a resource and ally, and not as concurrence, for the common aim of traditional and modern medicine is to free the individual from his or her illness, and provide an efficient and honest cure. The wellness and recuperation of the patient should be the common goal and not rivalry.
This target was fixed by the Nepalese government and the shamans are now treated with respect, asked for assistance and requested to take part in therapy-workshops and medical training projects. Such workshops were held in: Kanchanpur, Chandani municipality, Mahendranagar, Syangja and Ilam in the past.
The participating shamans learned how to motivate the people of their respective communities, family-planning and other health-promoting measures. Causality and logic: The shaman can differentiate the principle of causality and logical thinking and communication. The shaman manifests religion and the art of healing as a coexistence form, and is open for new healing methods if it helps the patient.
And to this end, there are universities that are training therapists through the use of modern and traditional medicine by inviting and bringing together traditional healers and modern therapists, medical and nursing students and physicians. Two German two universities in Heidelberg and Munich have established themselves in the service of traditional and modern medicine by offering workshops and seminars by bringing practitioners of Traditional and Modern Medicine together.
It is a marriage between the two systems of medicine.
Manual Dem Himmel so nah - die karmische Trennung überwinden (German Edition)
Das Prinzip der Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe hat eine emanzipatorische und eine restriktive Seite. Es unterstreicht die anthropologische Annahme, dass Menschen in der Lage sind, ihr Leben in eigener Bestimmung und Verantwortung zu gestalten. Selbsthilfegruppen in Nepal sind kulturspezifisch. Forstwirtschaftselbsthilfegruppen wie bana djane Waldarbeiter , ghas katne Grassschneider , pat tipne Futtersammler , und daura tipne Feuerholzsammler. Soziokulturelle Selbsthilfegruppen wie guthi bei den Newars vom Katmandutal , rodi Kommunale Gruppe von den Gurungs und bheja kommunale Gemeinschaft. Manche Organisationen scheinen formell zu sein, aber strukturell sind sie informell.
Manche sind kasten- bzw. Der Gesundheitssektor stellt einen Schwerpunktsektor der deutschen7 Entwicklungszusammenarbeit mit Nepal dar. But the NGOs are the creation of the donor agencies as an alternative mechanism. They say your normal administrative channel never reaches the poor which the NGOs can do.
So this is also an imposed idea. But the problem is: How do you coordinate projects and NGOs? Die meisten Geber konzentrieren ihre Gelder kaum auf die wirklichen Probleme.
Forstwirschaftsselbsthilfegruppen: bana djane Waldarbeiter , ghas katne Grassschneider , pat tipne Futtersammler , daura tipne Feuerholzsammler. Soziokulturelle Selbsthilfegruppen: guthi bei den Newars vom Katmandutal , rodi Kommunale Gruppe von den Gurungs bheja kommunale Gemeinschaft. Nepalese men and women work in the fields. They use the traditional bullocks and buffaloes that are seen in the villages of Southeast Asia. They dig the fields manually.
The women work beside the men, with babies strapped to their backs. Long wooden hoes are being used to dig and break the soil, whole families pitching in to do the job. And far out in the distance, the all-seeing-eyes of the compassionate Swayambhu observes the land from the towers on which his eyes are painted. Behind the lions you see three colossal statues of the Buddha, serene and daubed in flaming red and gold.
All around you there are naked trees in poses of suspended animation. The ground crackles as you step on the fallen brown and russet leaves. Shrill bird cries ring through the air. It is roosting time, you say to yourself. The trees are silhouetted against the evening sky and the shadows are lengthening. Your eyes discern the prayers carved in the granite slabs as you ascend the seemingly endless stairs.
A bearded tourist and a bevy of girls giggle nearby, talking in French and eating peanuts.
They pass some peanuts to the swarm of monkeys who are a regular feature of Swayambhu. The Rhesus monkeys are creeping, jumping, fooling and fighting with each other. The overhanging eaves of the stupa, gilded with gold, are loosely chained together. The wind blowing from across the silvery Himalayas makes them rustle. You are dumbfounded by the majestic temple. You take a cue from them and go about spinning the copper prayer wheels that girdle the dome.