Something Evil in the Darkness at Hopkins House (Aaron Adams Adventures)
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Ring Smart Home Security Systems. PillPack Pharmacy Simplified. Amazon Renewed Like-new products you can trust. Old Saybrook. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks, Bearded with moss, and with garments green, indistinct in the twilight, Stand like Druids of Old, with voices sad and prophetic, Stand like harpers hoar, with beards that rest on their bosoms. Loud from its rocky caverns the deep-voiced neighboring ocean Speaks, and in accents disconsolate answers the wail of the forest.
In many respects the sea-coast of Maine is the most remarkable of New England. It is serrated with craggy projections, studded with harbors, seamed with inlets. Broad bays conduct to rivers of great volume that annually bear her forests down to the sea. Her shores are barricaded with islands, and her waters teem with the abundance of the seas.
Seen on the map, it is a splintered, jagged, forbidding sea-board; beheld with the eye in a kindly season, its tawny headlands, green archipelagos, and inviting harbors, [Pg 17] [Pg 18] infolding sites recalling the earlier efforts at European colonization, combine in a wondrous degree to win the admiration of the man of science, of letters, or of leisure. Maine embraces within her limits the semi-fabulous Norumbega and Mavoshen of ancient writers.
Some portion of her territory has been known at various times by the names of Acadia, New France, and New England. The arms of France and of England have alternately been erected on her soil, and the flags of at least four powerful states have claimed her subjection. The most numerous and warlike of the primitive New England nations were seated here.
Traces of French occupation are remaining in the names of St.
Croix, Mount Desert, Isle au Haut, and Castine, names which neither treaties nor national prejudice have been quite able to eradicate. The name of Norumbega, or Norembegue, the earliest applied to New England, is attributed to the Portuguese and Spaniards. Jean Alfonse, the pilot of Roberval, the same person who is accredited with having been first to navigate the waters of Massachusetts Bay, gives them the credit of its discovery.
This writer discredits all of Alfonse's statement in relation to the great river and coast of Norumbega, except that part of it in which he says the river had at its entrance many islands, banks, and rocks. In this fragment from the " Voyages Aventureux " of Alfonse, the embouchure of the river of Norumbega is placed in thirty degrees "trente degrez" and the pilot states that from thence the coast turns to the west and west-north-west for more than two hundred and fifty leagues.
Champlain, who remained in the country through the winter of , on purpose to complete his map, has this to say of the river and city of Norumbega; he is writing of the Penobscot:. As for the declination, I have neither [Pg 19] read nor heard any one speak of it. They describe also a great and very populous city of natives, dexterous and skillful, having cotton cloth. I am satisfied that the major part of those who make mention of it have never seen it, and speak from the hearsay evidence of those who know no more than themselves.
I can well believe that there are some who have seen the embouchure, for the reason that there are, in fact, many islands there, and that it lies in the latitude of forty-four degrees at its entrance, as they say; but that any have entered it is not credible; for they must have described it in quite another manner to have removed this doubt from many people. In the " Histoire Universelle des Indes Occidentales " printed at Douay in , the author, after describing Virginia, speaks of Norumbega, its great river and beautiful city.
The mouth of the river is fixed in the forty-fourth and the pretended city in the forty-fifth degree, which approximates closely enough to the actual latitude of the Penobscot. This authority adds, that it is not known whence the name originated, for the Indians called it Agguncia. The only features laid down in Nova Francia by name are "R.
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Grande Orsinora," "C. Champlain names the River Penobscot, Pemetegoit. By this appellation, with some trivial change in orthography, it continued known to the French until its final repossession by the English. Turning to the "painful collections of Master Hakluyt," the old prebendary of Bristol, we find Mavoshen described as "a country lying to the north and by east of Virginia, between the degrees of 43 and 45, fortie leagues broad and fifty in length, lying in breadth east and west, and in length north and south.
It is bordered on the east with a countrey, the people whereof they call Tarrantines, on the west with Epistoman, on the north with a very great wood, called Senaglecounc, and on the south with the mayne ocean sea and many islands. I do not propose here to indulge in speculations respecting them. Francis I. Despite the busy times in Europe, near the close of his reign, Henry IV. Until , when the name of New England first appeared on Smith's map, the French had the honor of adding about all that was known to the geography of its sea-board.
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The Florentine Verrazani called it, in , New France, when he traversed the coasts from the thirty-fourth parallel to Newfoundland, or Prima Vista. Sebastian Cabot may have seen it before him; but this is only conjecture, though our great-grandfathers were willing to spill their blood rather than have it called New France.
According to the "Modern Universal History," Cabot confessedly took formal possession of Newfoundland and Norumbega, whence he carried off three natives. In the " Theatre Universel d'Ortelius " there is a map of America, engraved in , and very minute, in which all the countries north [Pg 21] and south are entitled New France.
In Mercator's atlas of is a general map of America, which calls all the territory north and south of Canada New France. New England does not find a place on this map. Canada is down as a particular province.
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Virginia is also there. Captain John Smith's map of New England of contains many singular features. In his "Description of New England," printed in , the Indian names are given of all their coast settlements. Prince Charles, however, altered these to English names after the book was printed. The retention of some of them by the actual settlers might be accidental, but they appear much as if scattered at random over the paper. York is called Boston, and Agamenticus "Snadoun Hill.
The name of Cape Breton is said to occur on very early maps, antecedent even to Cartier's voyage. A map of Henry II. Baron La Hontan says, "The seamen of French Biscay are known to be the most able and dexterous mariners that are in the world. The Frenchman of Dieppe is supposed to be Thomas Aubert, whose discovery is assigned to the year The atlas of Guillaume and John Blauw has a map of America in tome i.
There is a second, entitled Nova Belgica and Nova Anglica. The rivers Pentagouet and Chouacouet Saco appear properly placed. The map bears certain marks in [Pg 22] its nomenclature, and the configuration of the coast, of being compiled from those of Champlain and Smith. Researches made in England, France, and Holland, at the instance of Massachusetts and New York,  have resulted in the recovery of many manuscript fragments more or less interesting, bearing upon the question of priority of discovery. Of these the following is not the least curious.